Objectives of the Program
Building Cooperative Structure for Research

This program looks at “marginalized children” including children in remote areas, children in the labor force, girls, children from minority ethnic/language group and children from the poverty group. However, most of the previous studies about these “marginalized children” have investigated on “how to overcome their challenging situations and make them enroll in school”, thus contributing to improved access to education. Building on the accumulation of earlier research, this program focuses on the quality of education and its delivery to “marginalized children”. We promote empirical research which contributes to the establishment of model policies in education administration and finance for enhancing quality of education efficiently and effectively by utilizing the limited resources. Since the research topic of this program will remain critical even after 2015, we believe that we will be able to establish a highly sustainable research program through parallel efforts aimed at nurturing researchers in Asia and Africa.

Academic Perspective

The program makes it possible to draw important policy recommendations for the “post-2015” agenda, which is currently the most important issue in the area of education development in developing countries. The program especially contributes to the firsthand and accurate grasp of the unbalanced education condition in Asian and African countries and effective policy making. Furthermore, it is possible to present a model of highly equal and sustainable education administration and finance, which meets local needs and circumstances. The program provides new perspectives for the relevant organizations in the education field which has been devoted to the quantitative expansion towards 2015, as well as to provide information that is useful in making effective policy recommendations.

Nurture Young Researchers

We carry out an international joint research led by an international and interdisciplinary research team whose core members are the researchers from targeted countries and partner institutions. In line with the above-mentioned international joint research, active participation of young researchers from Kobe University and the partner universities and institutions is encouraged to nurture them and build their research capacity. The goal is to nurture researchers who have a deep understanding of the current situation in developing countries through dispatching them to overseas counterpart universities, international organizations and ministries of education as internship students.

Others (including Social Contribution and Unique Objectives)

The main purpose of this program is to reflect research findings about education policies of targeted countries, thereby helping nurture young researchers. Policy recommendations are offered by sharing the findings of joint research by researchers from targeted countries and Japan with partner institutions including ministries of education and international organizations. Moreover, findings of this research are utilized in the textbook of the Training and Dialogue Programs of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) titled, “Education Finance and Administration: Focused on Basic Education Quality, Internal Efficiency, and Equity”. The training program has been implemented by Kobe University’s Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies (GSICS) since 2009. Each year, this training provides two courses, one in English and the other in French. Each lasts 6 weeks and trainees are officials from Ministries of Education from more than 20 countries including the countries targeted in this program. In addition, it becomes possible to make highly sustainable social (international) contribution by inviting partner researchers of this program as lecturers of the training. The young researchers gain experience as lecturers during the training, thus enhancing their capacity to become world-class education development experts.

Joint Research Plan
Title of Research Project:
“Comparative Study on Education Administration and Finance”

Principal Investigator (Coordinator) :
Dr. Keiichi Ogawa (Professor, Kobe University)

Principal Investigators in Counterpart Countries:
Dr. Aye Aye Myint (Professor, Yangon Institute of Education)
Dr. Phetcharee Pupavijetra (Associate Professor, Chiang Mai University)
Dr. Pham Vu Thang (Director, Vietnam National University)
Dr. Phouphet Kyophilavong (Associate Professor, National University of Laos)
Dr. Hamoud Al-Seyani (Senior Researcher, Education Research Development Center)
Dr. Ahmed Ghoneim (Professor, Cairo University)
Dr. James Wokadala (Lecturer, Makerere University)
Dr. Joseph Chimombo (Associate Professor, University of Malawi)
Dr. Ki-Seok Kim (Emeritus Professor, Seoul National University)
Dr. Yijia Jing (Professor, Fudan University)

Researcher Exchange Activity Plan:
Kobe University has been conducting research on education administration and finance of basic education together with the University of Malawi, Ministry of Education and Sports of Uganda, National University of Laos. In 2014, we extend the research with Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen and Korea. First, we create a framework of education administration and finance comparative analysis and do surveys and data collection in each country. Second, the overseas researchers in those countries conduct analysis and produce original papers. Third, each country represents their papers in seminars at Kobe University to share with the other country team.

Outcomes Expected from Researcher Exchange Activity:
This study is relevant and significant both academically and practically since this year (2014) is in the face of “2015”, which is an important year in the field of international education cooperation. Academically, the study contributes through case studies in the countries like Myanmar where a few research has been conducted. The Japanese perspective of international education cooperation and education development research in developing countries have been a clear distinction from those by Western aid agencies focusing on macro-level financial support. Therefore, it is crucial for the Japanese research institutes to play a principal role in addressing this type of education agenda. Moreover, Japan’s past experience has shown the importance of investing in human capital and accumulating capable human resources in a resource-poor setting. In this program, we holistically strengthen the human resource in education sector in Japan and the countries in other Asian and African countries by promoting mutual collaboration to nurture Japanese young researchers and build capacity in developing countries instead of offering financial support for research.

Seminar Plan

JSPS Seminar #1 (May 2, 2014 ): “Prospects on Education Policy in Developing Countries: From International Education Cooperation Perspectives”

≪Purpose of the Seminar≫
The purpose of this seminar is to receive lecturers from the following experts in Economics of Education, and Education Administration and Finance: Dr. Harry Patrinos from World Bank Headquarters; Dr. Ki-Seok Kim, Emeritus Professor from Seoul National University; Mr. Ki-Seok Lee, Research Fellow from Seoul National University and Dr. James Wokadala from Makerere University in Uganda. Invited speakers talk about education policy and cooperation in developing countries in the context of education administration and finance. Part I of the seminar discuss benchmarking for education policy analysis. Part II of the seminar discuss education cooperation for assisting developing countries after the international conference which will be held in Incheon, South Korea, in 2015 mainly from the perspective of education administration and finance. The audience of this seminar is partner researchers including young researchers (graduate students) from Kobe University. We provide them with opportunities to deepen discussions on these topics and build networks with internationally distinguished researchers and practitioners, which will contribute to the promotion of future research.

JSPS Seminar #2 (July 7, 2014): “Study on Education Finance/Administration and International Education Development”

≪Purpose of the Seminar≫
The purpose of the seminar is to receive lectures from two experts in Education Administration and Finance from the World Bank Headquarters, namely Dr. Shinsaku Nomura and Dr. Mari Shojo. In addition, 30 education officials participating in the Training and Dialogue Program of JICA, “Education Finance and Administration”, join this seminar. This seminar also aims at receiving technical advice from the perspectives of practitioners and policy makers, thus improving future research as well as helping nurture young scholars.

JSPS Seminar #3 (October 31, 2014): “International Education Development Forum: Study on Education Finance/Administration in Developing Countries”

≪Purpose of the Seminar≫
The purpose of this seminar is to gather professors and young researchers (graduate students) from Kobe University and several universities, namely Seoul National University, University of Tokyo, Waseda University, Nagoya University, Osaka University and Hiroshima University. The seminar participants make research presentations about recent initiatives in international education development. The special seminar which focuses on “Education Administration and Finance in Developing Countries” is held in order to share the most recent education situation in various countries. This seminar also aims at facilitating discussions and deepening the participants’ knowledge and understanding about this topic.

JSPS Seminar #4 (December 8-10, 2014): “Study on Education Finance/Administration in Developing Countries and Public Policy”

≪Purpose of the Seminar≫
The purpose of this seminar is to share the findings from this year’s research activities. It also aims at clarify the purpose and goal of the future exchange activities. The participants in the Training and Dialogue Program of JICA, “Education Finance and Administration”, join this seminar. The seminar also aims at receiving critical comments from the education policy makers to improve the future research. This seminar is held for 3 days, and the other 2 days are spent holding meetings for this program and study sessions.

Joint Research Plan (Joint Research, Exchange Activities other than Seminars)
Name, Position,
Affiliation of Dispatched
Researcher
Counterpart (Institution, City, Country) Dispatched
Period
Purpose
Dr. Keiichi Ogawa,
Professor,
Kobe University
Seoul, South Korea
(Seoul National University)
May, 2014 Discuss action plan on this program
Provide research guidance about education administration and finance on young researchers in Soul National University
Dr. Keiichi Ogawa,
Professor,
Kobe University
Kampala, Uganda
(Makerere University)
May, 2014 Discuss action plan on this program
Provide research guidance about education administration and finance on young researchers in Makerere University
Dr. Zyun Kawaguchi,
Assistant Professor,
Osaka University
Chiang Mai, Thailand
(Chiang Mai University)
August, 2014 Discuss action plan on this program
Provide research guidance about education administration and finance on young researchers in Chiang Mai University
Dr. Keiichi Ogawa,
Professor,
Kobe University
Vientiane, Laos September, 2014 Discuss action plan on this program
Provide research guidance about education administration and finance on young researchers in Champasak University